01 May 1455
Battle of Arkinholm, near Langholm, Dumfriesshire: The Laird of Johnstone led a royal to victory over the rebellious Douglases. Johnstone sent the severed head of Archibald Douglas, Earl of Moray as a trophy to the king.
01 May 1690
Battle of Haughs of Cromdale; Colonel Sir Thomas Livingstone, King William’s General, defeated the Jacobite army commanded by General Buchan. The Jacobites were mainly Macleans, Macdonalds, Camerons, Macphersons and Grants of Glenmoriston.
01 May 1707
Formation of UK parliament.
01 May 1873
David Livingstone, explorer and missionary, died in Africa
02 May 1568
Queen Mary escaped from Lochleven Castle
02 May 1933
The story of the Loch Ness Monster first appeared in the press, starting off a long-running debate on whether or not some unknown animal or fish inhabits the murky depths of the loch.
03 May 1557
John Knox began the Reformation in Scotland
04 May 1328
English ratify Treaty of Edinburgh at Northampton, formally conceding defeat to Scotland in the First War of Independence
05 May 1758
James Taylor born – he developed the steamboat engine
06 May 1941
Luftwaffe’s last major bombing attack on Clyde: 280 killed in Greenock
07 May 17467
Glasgow Fire Brigade began when the Fire Insurance Society suggested a regular fire brigade of 24 able men under Robert Gray. They had strong leather caps with the Glasgow coat of arms on them, trained four days a year and were paid 5/- annually, plus money for each fire.
08 May 1701
Scottish-born pirate Captain William Kidd tried for piracy at London’s Old Bailey. He was hanged on 23 May.